Heavy Focus Toward Addiction Disorders Versus Addiction Types
At The Dunes, we treat substance abuse and its many expressions. Our philosophy is that there is an addiction disorder, not many different addictions. This view emerges from the Addiction Syndrome Model.1 This view considers addiction as a complex condition with a variety of signs and symptoms that are not always present for every person with the disorder. Consequently, addiction gets expressed in many different ways; for example, people have experienced addiction to alcohol and other drugs, gambling, shopping, and exercising. These various expressions of addiction have common causes and unique characteristics for each client. Expressions of addiction have shared and unique consequences. These addiction features result from the interaction of neurobiology, neurogenetics, psychosocial factors, cultural influences, and personal experience.
Syndrome Model of Addiction Recovery Includes:
Research reveals that both psychoactive substances (e.g., alcohol) and high frequency patterns of behavior (e.g., gambling) are important factors that can shift brain chemistry and emotional states. Despite having a wide variety of associated signs and symptoms, the Syndrome Models of Addiction has a distinctive progression that reflects the underlying disorder. For example, people with addiction tend to experience some or all of the 3 C’s:
- Craving that can range from mild to severe
- Loss of Control
- Continued involvement with the drug or behavior pattern despite the presence of adverse Consequences