Benzodiazepines (benzos) are a class of drugs that doctors prescribe for a range of health conditions. They can treat moderate to severe anxiety, epileptic seizures, panic attacks and certain withdrawal symptoms. However, they can be addictive and dangerous. When substance use disorder is present, benzo addiction treatment is necessary.
More About Benzo Abuse
Benzos bind to GABA receptors in the central nervous system to relieve mental stress and slow overactive brain function. Most benzos come in tablet form. However, some come in clear liquids for intravenous use. Some of the most common brands include Ativan, Halcion, Klonopin, Librium and Valium.
These are all legal forms of benzos when you have a prescription for them. Under the Controlled Substances Act, benzos are schedule IV drugs. This label means that the government greatly regulates them. However, there’s a black market for benzos, which go by names such as downers or tranqs.
The Risk for Substance Use Disorder
Whether you take benzos legally or illegally, there’s a risk for substance use disorder. Some people with a prescription might start taking the drugs outside of their doctor’s’ instructions. This abuse may include crushing the pills and snorting the powder to amplify the effects. Many people who obtain the drugs illegally also use this method.
Abusing benzos for a prolonged period can lead to addiction, the most severe form of substance use disorder. The reason is that these drugs change the neurochemistry of the brain, causing mental and physical dependencies. If you reach this point, you need benzo addiction treatment to recover.